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ΚΩΔΙΚΟΣ

ΓΕΝΙΚΗ ΚΑΤΗΓΟΡΙΑ

ΠΕΡΙΓΡΑΦΗ

ΧΡΟΝΟΛΟΓΙΚΗ ΠΕΡΙΟΔΟΣ

•   

al

Alluvial

Alluvial deposits : loose sandy-clayed material, terra rossa with rounded and angular pebbles in small internal basins and eluvial mantle material

Pleistocene - Holocene

•   

al-c

Alluvial

Recent littoral deposits with gravels

Holocene

•   

al-c1

Alluvial

Recent littoral deposits with gravels

Holocene

•   

al-c2

Alluvial

Recent torrential deposits. Pebbles and sand

Holocene

•   

al-d

Alluvial

Recent littoral deposits with dunes

Holocene

•   

al-s

Alluvial

Recent littoral deposits with sand

Holocene

•   

al-sc

Alluvial

Colluvial deposits. Talus and slope fans debris

Holocene

•   

al-θ

Alluvial

Recent littoral deposits with dunes

Holocene

•   

Qal2

Alluvial

Alluvial deposits : loose loams, clays, sands and gravels.

Holocene

•   

qt2

Alluvial

Recents alluvial deposits : marls and clays

Holocene

•   

al

Alluvial deposits

Alluvial deposits at the river beds: unconsolidated materials consisting of gravels, sands and silt

Holocene

•   

T4.k.sh

Alternations of limestones

Alternations of limestones and schists (Kateriana beds)

Middle?-Upper Carnian

•   

Amf

Amphibolites

Amphibolite in the phyllitic series

Permian - Triassic

•   

α

Andesites

Andesite in the phyllitic series

Permian or carboniferous

•   

ag

Ankerites

Ankerite

Permian - Triassic

•   

Js-Ks.hn

Argillites and schist-cherts

Argillites and schist-cherts:polychromatic, fine-grained shales and schistose, very thin-bedded clayer marls

Malm-Albian

•   

Jm-s.sh

Argillites-schists-cherts

Argillites-schists-cherts:dark-polychromatic, carbonate, quartzose shales occurring locally strongly deformed

Dogger-Lower Malm?

•   

J.k

Bedded limestones

Bedded limestones: grey-white, medium-bedded, granular and crystallized limestones

Dogger-Lower Malm?

•   

Js-ki.f

Boeotian flysch

Boeotian flysch: rhythmic or irregular alternations of multicoloured, thin-bedded limestones,marls pelites and sandstones, with various lithological composition

Upper Jurassic?Lower Cretaceous?

•   

Pli.m,g

Breccia with gypsum

Marly breccia of reworked neogene particles with gypsum blocks.

Lower Pliocene

•   

Mm-s.c,m,k

Breccia-conglomerates

Breccia-conglomerates,siltstones, marls and limestones: polymict, semi-cohesive, heterometric, semi-cohesive, heterometric, continental, breccia-conglomerates at the basin margins.

Middle?Upper Miocene

•   

Pt.br

Breccias

Breccias : composed of light coloured and dark, preneogene limestone componets in a calcareous matrix, passing upwards into polymict conglomerates

Pleistocene

•   

Q.br

Breccias

Slope breccias

Holocene - Pleistocene

•   

M4-5

Breccias and Conglomerates

Clastic rock formation (Prina complex) : consists of well-bedded breccias, breccio-conglomerates, conglomerates with various fine-grained, occasionally fossiliferous, intermediate beds.

Up. Serravallian - Low.Tortonian

•   

M4-5.br

Breccias and Conglomerates

Prina comlex : bedded breccias, breccio-conglomerates and conglomerates

Up. Serravallian - Low.Tortonian

•   

Mm-s

Breccias and Conglomerates

Breccias and conglomerate breccias.

Middle - Upper Miocene

•   

Mm-s.br

Breccias and Conglomerates

Prof. Ilias formation : breccias and breccia-conglomerates consisting mainly of rubbles and cobbles deriving from dark-neogene limestones with calcitic cementing material.

Middle - upper Miocene ?

•   

Ts-Ji.br

Breccias and Dolomites

Breccias and porous dolomites : recrystallized breccias, of black to grey colour, with clastic particles of various size, massive to thick-bedded. In their lower members porous dolomites are intercalated, of red to whitish colour.

Rhaetian ? - Lias ?

•   

Ki-s

Breccias and Limestones

Monomict breccias and oolitic limestones ; with fragments of micritic limestones which include dark red siliceous nodules. Downwards they pass into thin-medium-bedded, micritic limestones of reddish colour, with siliceous nodules.

Dogger ? - Lower Senonian

•   

M.br

Carbonate breccias

Carbonate breccias: polymict, heterometric, well-cemented with calcite, pseudobedded, or in banks of various dimensions, carbonate breccias with Jurassic, Cretaceous and Tertiary rubbles of Gavrovo-Tripolis zone

Lower Miocene

•   

Jm-Es.k1

Cherts

Chert intercalations occuring in the middle and lower members of the "Platy limestones".

Middle Jurassic - Eocene

•   

Jm-Es.k2

Cherts

Chert intercalations occuring in the top members of the "Platy limestones".

Middle Jurassic - Eocene

•   

Jo

Cherts

Cherts : red-brown seldom dark brown, made up of thin alternating beds of radiolarites and shales with intercalations of red to blue-brown thin bedded limestones.

Jurassic

•   

J-Ki.h,k

Cherts-Limestones

Frequent alternations of blue, green, brown, red and black cher-beds.Thin intercalations of clayey-siliceous material locally occur in them,as well as thin-bedded to thick-bedded limestones.

Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous

•   

P-T4.sh

Clastic metasediments

Clastic metasediments: polychromatic, thin-bedded or massive metasandstones of various lithological composition and sorting, alternating rhythmically with schistose metapelites and polychromatic usually grey-black, sericitic, quartzose

Permian?Upper Carnian

•   

M4-5.cl

Clastic rocks

Prina comlex : clastic rocks

Up. Serravallian - Low.Tortonian

•   

K6-7.fl

Clastic sediments

Clastic sediments: of various colour and composition, thin-bedded limestones, marls, pelites, sandstones and polymict, heterometric breccia-conglomerates

Cenomanian-Turonian

•   

K6-7.fl

Clastic sediments

Clastic sediments: of various colour and composition, thin-bedded limestones, marls, pelites, sandstones and polymict, heterometric breccia-conglomerates

Cenomanian-Turonian

•   

Ts.fl

Clastic sediments

Clastic sediments: grey, greenish, bedded or massive and unsorted sandstones and slightly schistose pelites of the same colour

Upper Triassic

•   

H.cd

Coastal deposits

Coastal deposits: sands and gravels

Holocene

•   

M4-5.c

Conglomerates

Mythoi formation : conglomerates with sligthly rounded cobbles of red or grey colour.

Up. Serravallian - Low.Tortonian

•   

M4-5.c,m

Conglomerates

Males formation : relatively well sorted polymict conglomerates with well rounded elements alternating irregularly with sandstones calyey marls.

Up. Serravallian - Low.Tortonian

•   

M4-5.ol2

Conglomerates

Kalamavka formation : conglomerate channel fillings, gravelly siltstones or large olistoliths

Up. Serravallian - Low.Tortonian

•   

Mic

Conglomerates

Conglomerates : compact, with pebbles mainly of mesozoic limestoens, hornstones and crystalline rocks (schists, quartzites etc.), cemented by brownish yellow marly material.

Middle Miocene (Vindobonian)

•   

Mi-c1

Conglomerates

Offlap's compact conglomerate with lenticular intercalations of sand and marl

Miocene

•   

Mi-c2

Conglomerates

Onlap's compact conglomerate

Miocene

•   

Mm.br1

Conglomerates

"Topolia conglomerates": rubbles from Tripolis and Pindos zone formations, strongly consolidated with calcitic cement.

Serravallian

•   

Mm.br2

Conglomerates

"Lissos beds": cobbles and rubbles preneogene series consolidated with calcitic and marly cement. They occur in the SE part of the sheet.

Serravallian

•   

Pl-c1

Conglomerates

Offlap's conglomerate. Pebbles mainly of limestone.

Pliocene

•   

Pl-c2

Conglomerates

Conglomerate in the above marl. Pebbles mainly of limestone.

Pliocene

•   

Qdl

Conglomerates

Conglomerate : fluvial, consisting of sand and well rounded pebbles, cross-bedded with Clypeaster fragments.

Pleistocene

•   

T.c,st

Conglomerates and Sandstones

Conglomerates and sandstones: pebbles of granite, marly schists, limestones.

Triassic

•   

T4-5.qt,ph

Conglomerates-Phyllites

"Mana" formation : quartzitic conglomerates of violet color with thin phyllitic intercalations passing to platy quartzites upwards.Platy calc-phyllites prevail in the lower members with thin quartzite layers and an horizon of calcalkalin

Carnian-Norian

•   

al

Deposits

 

 

•   

c1-c2

Deposits

Terraces, mostly torrential, but sometimes of marine origin. Mainly in the valleys and in the outlets of gorges. The younger(c1) up to 1-2m and the older (c2) up to 4m.

Quaternary younger

•   

c3

Deposits

Terraces, mostly torrential, but sometimes of marine origin. Mainly in the valleys and in the outlets of gorges. The older up to 30-40m.

Quaternary younger

•   

cd

Deposits

Coastal deposits : sand and gravels.

Holocene

•   

cd,dn

Deposits

Coastal deposits : sand and gravels.

Holocene

•   

cs

Deposits

Talus cones

Holocene

•   

dl-bc

Deposits

Slope fan debris consolidated

Pleistocene (Diluvium)

•   

dl-c1

Deposits

Marrine terrace. Elevation 5-10m. Conglomerate

Pleistocene (Diluvium)

•   

dl-c2

Deposits

Fluviatil terrace. Elevation 3m Conglomerate. Pebbles mainly limestone

Pleistocene (Diluvium)

•   

dl-c3

Deposits

Fluvial terrace. Elevation 20-25m Torrential deposits of boulders, gravels and pebbles, red gray sands and other transported of various composition materials

Pleistocene (Diluvium)

•   

dl-c4

Deposits

Red formations of torrential origin consisting of sandy marls, clays, sandstones and conglomerates. They have a considerable thickness and reach up to a height of 350m and more.

Quaternary older

•   

dl-oe

Deposits

Aeolian deposits. Wind - blown sand

Pleistocene (Diluvium)

•   

dl-sc

Deposits

Fluviatil terrace. Elevation 3m Conglomerate. Pebbles mainly limestone

Pleistocene (Diluvium)

•   

dl-st

Deposits

Marrine terrace. Elevation 5-10m. Sandstone

Pleistocene (Diluvium)

•   

H.cd

Deposits

Sediments of the coastal area : beach sands, marine terraces.

Pleistocene - Holocene

•   

H.cd,dn

Deposits

Coastal deposits : sand and gravels.

Holocene

•   

H.cs,sc

Deposits

Talus cones and scree : angular pebbles mainly of carbonate composition and various size, mixed with terra rossa, loose and locally slightly consolidated

Holocene

•   

H.l,s

Deposits

Clayey-sandy deposits : with significant proportion of dispersed boulders and gravels, mainly of carbonate composition, terra-rossa with cobbles and rubbles, into small internal basins, and unconsolidated materials cinsisting of clay, sa

Holocene

•   

L.Mi

Deposits

Lacustrine deposits. Marl , clay, etc. Thin strata of Lignite are included.

Miocene

•   

L-Pl

Deposits

Lacustrine deposits. Marl , clay, sand.

Pliocene

•   

M.c

Deposits

Fluvio-terrestrial deposits : slightly consolidated red to red-brown conglomerates deriving from the phyllite-quartzite series.

Miocene

•   

M1

Deposits

Fluvio-terrestrial deposits - Conglomerates, coarse -fine -sandy breccias with intercalations of breccial limestones.

Miocene (upper Helvetian)

•   

M3.c

Deposits

Marine and fluvial deposits : conglomerates, sandstones, sands, marls, clays. In places lignites and limestones.

upper Miocene - Tortonian

•   

M3.k

Deposits

Marine and fluvial deposits : reefal or clastic limestones and sometimes conglomerates.

upper Miocene - Tortonian

•   

M4.l,st

Deposits

Skinias formation : generally well-bedded, dark blue, dark-grey or greenish, marine clays and silty clays, with brownish sandstone interbeds. Boundary with underlying Viannos formation arbitrarily drawn at the base of the lowermost marin

Upper Serravallian

•   

M5

Deposits

Finikia formation : Formations of sea and brackish water deposits. Marls, clays, sands, sandstones, conglomerates.

Lower - Middle Pliocene

•   

M5.c

Deposits

Marine and fluvial deposits : conglomerates, sandstones, sands, marls, clays.

Tortonian

•   

M5.c,st,m

Deposits

Ambelouzos formation : irregular alternations of marine, brackish and fluviatile conglomerates, brownish sands, siltstones and greyish, silty or sandy clays or marls.

Tortonian

•   

M5.st,m

Deposits

Ambelouzos formation : irregular alternations of marine, brackish and fluviatile conglomerates, brownish sands, siltstones and greyish, silty or sandy clays or marls.

Tortonian

•   

M6

Deposits

Ammoudares formation : bio-lithoclastic calcarenites and marls with abundant sponge spicules. In some sites, coarse-grained graben material occur with gravels at the base.

Lower Tortonian - Messinian

•   

M6.c

Deposits

Pantanassa formation : conglomerates, sandstones and sands, clays, lignites and lignites and limestones with mollusks.

Tortonian

•   

Mi

Deposits

Marine formations undivided. Marl , clay, sandstone, conglomerate

Miocene

•   

Mm.I

Deposits

 

•   

M-Pl

Deposits

Marine formations undivided. Marl , clay, sandstone, conglomerate

Pliocene

•   

Ng

Deposits

Marine and land deposits undivided : clays, limestones and conglomerate and breccial limestones.

Neogene

•   

Pl

Deposits

Marine deposits :upper members : white-grey marls including lamellar clayey-marly layers of grey to brown colour with macrofossils, intermediate members : marls and clayey-marly material of white to grey colour with small concretions,

Pliocene - Pleistocene

•   

Pl.Pt

Deposits

Marine deposites : white-grey marls, clayey-marly layers, macrofossils, clays of white and locally blue colour, marly-psammitic layers with Algae. They locally include limestone blocks of Miocene.

Pliocene - Pleistocene

•   

Pli

Deposits

Marine deposits : white and brownish marls, white marly limestones, sands, conglomerates and platy limestones.

Lower Pliocene

•   

Pl-Pt

Deposits

Marine deposits :upper members : white-grey marls including lamellar clayey-marly layers of grey to brown colour with macrofossils, intermediate members : marls and clayey-marly material of white to grey colour with small concretions,

Pliocene - Pleistocene

•   

M3

Deposits (?)

Brackish-lacustrine formations. Alternating layers of sands, marls, clays, conglomerates, as well as sapropels. They include lignite deposits and other plant remains.

Miocene - Sarmatian

•   

M6

Deposits (?)

Conglomerates, marls, clays, organogenic limestones : they overlie unconformably the alpine formations and they are distinguished lithostratigraphically in three horizons.

Miocene

•   

Mk

Deposits (?)

Biogenic limestones, marls, clays and conglomerates

Miocene

•   

Ps-Js?

Deposits (?)

Metasediments and metabasalts : metaradiolarites, black marbles.

Up. Permian - Up. Jurassic (?)

•   

δ

Diabases

Diabase

Ingeous rocks

•   

ϊ

Diabases

Diabase

Ingeous rocks

•   

η

Diorites

Diorite

Ingeous rocks

•   

C-Tm.d

Dolomites

Dolomites

Precarboniferous-Middle Triassic

•   

D

Dolomites

Dolomite

Permian or Carboniferous

•   

k?d

Dolomites

Dolomites: grey-black, thick-bedded, massive, brecciated, locally strongly weathered and karstic

Turonian

•   

TR.o-D

Dolomites

 

•   

Ts-Ji.d

Dolomites

Dolomites: white, grey, reddish, recrystallized, massive, partly thick-bedded and locally brecciated

Turonian

•   

Tm-s.d

Dolomites-limestones

Dolomites-limestones: consisting at their base of red-coloured, fine grained, platy, recrystallized limestones, passing to grey-white, grey-black, massive brecciated and recrystallized limestones and dolomitic limestones

Middle Triassic?Norian

•   

dn

Dunes

sand dunes

Holocene

•   

ϋ

Dunes

sand dunes

Holocene

•   

Es-Ol.sch

Flysch

Transition beds towards the fllysch

Upper Eocene?-Lower Oligocene

•   

f?

Flysch

Flysch

Upper Jurassic

•   

fi

Flysch

Flysch of Tripolitza subzone. Shale, sandstone, conglomerate with lenticular intercalations of breccia texture limestone. Sometimes eruptive bodies are included.

Eocene - Oligocene

•   

fm

Flysch

Flysch melange

Pre-middle Miocene

•   

fm

Flysch

Flysch melange

Pre-middle Miocene

•   

fm

Flysch

Flysch melange

Pre-middle Miocene

•   

fm

Flysch

Flysch melange

Pre-middle Miocene

•   

fm

Flysch

Flysch melange

Pre-middle Miocene

•   

fm

Flysch

Flysch melange

Pre-middle Miocene

•   

fm

Flysch

Flysch melange

Pre-middle Miocene

•   

fo

Flysch

Flysch : psammito-peletic, folded, locally rich in olistoliths from limestones, radiolarites and basic, metamorphic rocks or not. Maximum thickness : 100m approximately.

Lower (?)-Middle-Upper Eocene

•   

fo1

Flysch

"First Flysch" : sandstones and psammitic limestones with fragments fo basic rocks. Maximum thickness : 50m approximately

Cenomanian - Turonian

•   

ft

Flysch

Flysch of Tripolitza subzone. Shale, sandstone, conglomerate with lenticular intercalations of breccia texture limestone. Sometimes eruptive bodies are included.

Eocene - Oligocene

•   

Js.f

Flysch

Flysch : sandstone blocks, breccial limestones.

upper Jurassic

•   

Js.fl

Flysch

Flysch series with limestone beds

Jurassic

•   

Js.fl2

Flysch

Metaflysch and ophiolithic olistroms.

Jurassic

•   

Js-ki.fl2

Flysch

Metaflysch and ophiolithic olistroms.

Jurassic

•   

K.fl

Flysch

"First Flysch" : thin alternating beds of red marls, cherts, marly limestones and clayey-marly schists.Locally green and red coarse-grained sandstones, alternating with microclastic limestones.

Cretaceous

•   

K7-8.fo

Flysch

First flysch : pelites grey to dark-green, coarse-grained, slightly metamorphic and sandstones broken into pieces. Olistoliths and small ophiolithic blocks occur.

Dogger ? - Lower Senonian

•   

gn

Gneiss

Gneiss

Up. Jurassic-Low. Cretaceous

•   

γ

Granites

Granite

Igneous rocks

•   

γ-η

Granites - Diorites

granite - diorite undivided

Igneous rocks

•   

bs

Greenrocks

Greenrocks : they consist of prasinites, glaucophane-prasinites and epidotites. Their texture is microcrystallo-lepidoblastic and their structure compact, parallely orientated, slightly schistose, strongly microfolded and slightly fractu

Mesozoic

•   

G

Gypsum

Gypsum-anhydrite deposits in the lower part of the phyllitic series

Permian - Triassic

•   

gy

Gypsum

Gypsum-anhydrite deposits in the lower part of the phyllitic series

Permian or Carboniferous

•   

M5-6.g

Gypsum

Gypsum or gypsum conglomerates

Upper Tortonian - Messinian

•   

R

Gypsum

Residue of undissolved gypsum materials

Permian - Triassic

•   

Fe

Iron ores

Iron ores - limonite

Triassic

•   

landslides

landslides

landslides

Holocene

•   

ls

Landslides

Rock falls and landslides

Holocene

•   

CP-k

Limestones

Average bedded, usually bluish crysalline limestone with flaggy intercalations or nodules of very fine grained chert.

Permian or carboniferous

•   

E.k

Limestones

dark grey, neritic, dolomitized limestones : bioclastic limestones of neritic facies, medium to thick-beddedof compact structure, black, grey to light-beige in colour.

Ypresian - Lower Priabonian

•   

e-D

Limestones

White dense limestone (Mangassa limestone). Lutenian. In the lower strata they become dolomitic ot they fall into typical, dense dolomite

Eocene

•   

e-k

Limestones

Grey, dark-gray or black, limestone with bituminous odour when crushed.

Eocene

•   

e-k1

Limestones

Gray or black limestone with a bitoumenous odour when crushed. In some places they include nodules of chert.

Eocene

•   

e-k2

Limestones

White dense limestone (Mangassa limestone).

Eocene

•   

H.sc,cs

Limestones

Scree and talus cones : consisting of limestone particles of various size, unconsolidated to slightly consolidated.

Holocene

•   

J.k

Limestones

Oolithic limestones and red limestones with radiolarites.

Jurassic

•   

Ji-Mk

Limestones

Limestones:grey-medium-bedded to massive and partly brecciated limestones, passing locally in their upper members to grey-black, thick-bedded, massive weathered and karstic dolomites. Fossils

Lias-Dogger

•   

J-k

Limestones

Blueblack to grayblack, dense thick-bedded limestone

Jurassic

•   

Jm-E.k

Limestones

"Platy limestones" : crystalline limestones and locally marbles, medium-crystalline, grey to black-grey, well-bedded in banks.

Middle Jurassic - Eocene

•   

Jm-E.ph

Limestones

"Platy limestones" : crystalline limestones and locally marbles, medium-crystalline, grey to black-grey, well-bedded in banks. In the the S.SE part of the sheet they pass upwards into green-yellow calcareous phyllites.

Middle Jurassic - Eocene

•   

Jm-E?k

Limestones

Limestone with cherts : dark-grey to whitish, medium-thick-bedded, recrystallized, in places slightly dolomitized and intensely folded. Locally, thin phyllite layers occur.

Dogger - Middle Eocene

•   

Jm-EMk

Limestones

Limestone with cherts : dark-grey to whitish, medium-thick-bedded, recrystallized, in places slightly dolomitized and intensely folded. Locally, thin phyllite layers occur.

Dogger - Middle Eocene

•   

Jm-Es.ph

Limestones

"Platy limestones" : crystalline limestones and locally marbles, medium to corse crystalline, grey to black-grey, well-beddd in banks, a few cm up to 1m thick.

Middle Jurassic - Eocene

•   

Js.k

Limestones

Dark-coloured breccial limestones

upper Jurassic

•   

Js.ki.k

Limestones

Breccial limestones with Pseudocyclammina

Upp. Jurassic - Low. Cretaceous

•   

Js-Es.k

Limestones

Platy limestones

Lower Cretaceous - Upper Eocene

•   

Js-k

Limestones

Dark-coloured breccial limestones

Upper Jurassic

•   

k

Limestones

metamorphic brecciated limestones

Mesozoic ?

•   

K.k

Limestones

Limestones : grey to black-grey, medium to thick-bedded to massive, bituminous, with rich neritic fauna. Maximum thickness : 300m approximately.

Cretaceous

•   

K?.k

Limestones

Limestones : grey, massive, locally recrystallized, dolomitized and ankeritized, of probable cretaceous age.

Cretaceous

•   

k1

Limestones

Flaggy limestones

Permian - Triassic

•   

K5-8.k

Limestones

Limestone series : crystalline limestones, of white colour, thin-bedded, with intermediate reddish beddings due to the presence of iron oxides, bioclastic and brecciated limestones with black silex and angular fragments of quartz, muscov

upp. Albian - Upp. Maastrichtian

•   

K6

Limestones

Limestones : red and white-greenish, laying under "first flysch" layers.

Up.Cretaceous-Cenomanian

•   

K6-7

Limestones

Limestones, cherts and "first flysch" : small occurance in the NW part of the sheet, not exceeding the 20m in thickness approximately.

Cenomanian - Turonian

•   

K7-8.k

Limestones

Limestones : whiteyellowish to white, sometimes breccial, laying over "first flysch" layers.

Up.Cretaceous - Cenomanian

•   

K8.k

Limestones

Limestones: polychromatic,platy, compact with silex lenses and dense net of calcite veins, strongly tectonized and multifolded

Senonian

•   

K8-9.k

Limestones

Clastic-bioclastic limestones : dark-coloured to grey, medium-to thick-bedded and locally massive, often passing to dolomitized limestones (deposits of clastic and bioclastic material in shallow sea).

Senonian - Maastrichtian

•   

K8-Ei.k

Limestones

Platy limestones

Up. Senonian - Paleocene

•   

K8-EMk

Limestones

Limestones:grey-medium-bedded to massive and partly brecciated limestones, passing locally in their upper members to grey-black, thick-bedded, massive weathered and karstic dolomites. Fossils

Upper Eocene - Oligocene

•   

K9.k

Limestones

Limestones : thin-medium bedded, white-grey to rose-grey, micritic, developing into microbrecciated, folded and tectonized. Maximum thickness : 250m approximately

Maastrichtian

•   

K9-Ei.k

Limestones

Platy limestones

Up. Senonian - Paleocene

•   

K-E.k

Limestones

Limestones : grey to black-grey, thick-bedded to massive, bituminous, in the upper members slightly dolomitic and locally microbrecciated with rich neritic fauna. Maximum thickness : 300m approximately.

Cretaceous - middle-upper Eocene

•   

K-EMk

Limestones

Limestones : grey to grey-black, medium-thick-bedded to massive, bituminous, locally dolomized, microbrecciated, in the upper members with rich neritic fauna.

Cretaceous - middle Eocene

•   

Kg-Pc.k

Limestones

Limestones : grey to grey-black, medium-thick-bedded to massive, bituminous, locally dolomized, microbrecciated, in the upper members with rich neritic fauna.

Upper Cretaceous - Paleocene

•   

Kr.o-k

Limestones

Dark-gray to black, rarely gray, thickly bedded limestone.

upper Cretaceous

•   

Kr.o-k1

Limestones

Coarse grained white limestone because of contact metamorphism by plutonic intrusions

Upper Cretaceous

•   

Ks

Limestones

Limestones : white grey to bluish-grey, compact, karstified, containing Rudits

Upper Cretaceous

•   

Ks.k

Limestones

Limestones : grey-black, medium-thick-bedded, bituminous and dolomitic limestones. (Clastic-biomicritic limestones)

Upper Cretaceous

•   

Ks-E.k

Limestones

Limestones : on the SW part of the sheet, thin to medium-bedded, white-grey to pink-grey, micritic, in the upper members microbrecciated, folded and tectonized.

Upper Cretaceous - Lower Eocene

•   

Ks-Ei.k

Limestones

Platy limestones : microbrecciated limestones, biomicritic limestones, pelagic bioclastic and biomicritic limestones, biomicrosparitic, recrystallized limestones

M.?-Up. Senonian - L.Eocene

•   

Ks-k

Limestones

Limestones : grey-black, medium-thick-bedded, bituminous and dolomitic limestones. (Clastic-biomicritic limestones)

Upper Cretaceous

•   

M1-k

Limestones

Limestones of breccial texture

Miocene (upper Helvetian)

•   

M4.k

Limestones

Ag. Varvara formation : bioclastic, partly breccious or conglomeratic limestones and reefal limestones

Uppermost Tortonian - Messinian

•   

M4-5.k

Limestones

"Parathyri" member of the Males formation : beds of stromatolithic limestones with Algae.

Up. Serravallian - Low.Tortonian

•   

M4-5.ol1

Limestones

Prina complex : dark-coloured pre-neogene limestones of the Tripolis zone and brecciated limestones

Up. Serravalian - Low.Tortonian

•   

M5-6.k

Limestones

Ag. Varvara formation : bioclastic, partly breccious or conglomeratic limestones and reefal limestones

Uppermost Tortonian - Messinian

•   

M6.k

Limestones

Limestones : reefal, clastic, in places conglomerate or breccial.

Messinian

•   

M7.k

Limestones

Pantanassa formation : conglomerates, sandstones and sands, clays, lignites and lignites and limestones with mollusks.

Upper Miocene - Messinian

•   

Mi-bk

Limestones

Limestone of breccia texture

Miocene

•   

Mi-ck

Limestones

White dense or crystalline coral limestone

Miocene

•   

Mik

Limestones

Marly limestones : compact white-yellow to white grey, including sea fossils.

Miocene

•   

Mi-m

Limestones

Marly limestones : compact, brownish to yellowish.

Miocene (Vindobonian)

•   

Mi-mk

Limestones

Marly limestones : compact, brownish to yellowish.

Miocene (Vindobonian)

•   

mk

Limestones

Limestones : light-coloured dolomitic limestones.

Mesozoic (????)

•   

Mm

Limestones

Limestones (marbles) : marbles, phyllites, dolomites, quartzites and conglomerates in alternating layers.

Mesozoic (????)

•   

Mu

Limestones

Limestones : white-grey to bluish, microcrystalline. Generally of mesozoic age, and in most cases jurassic (?)

Mesozoic

•   

Mz-Te.k

Limestones

Platy limestones : black crystallized with layers of white silex.

Mesozoic

•   

PC

Limestones

Platy limestones

Permian or Carboniferous

•   

Pc.Em,k

Limestones

Limestones : grey-black, medium-thick-bedded, with rich neritic fauna, locally dolomitic.

Paleocene - middle Eocene

•   

Pc.EMk

Limestones

Limestones : grey-black, medium-thick-bedded, with rich neritic fauna, locally dolomitic.

Paleocene - Middle Eocene

•   

Pc-E3.k

Limestones

Black limestones with rich neritic fauna

Paleocene - Middle Eocene

•   

Pc-EMk

Limestones

Limestones : grey-black, medium-thick-bedded, with rich neritic fauna, locally dolomitic.

Paleocene - middle Eocene

•   

Pc-Es.k

Limestones

Limestones : recrystallized, grey-black, medium-thick-bedded, locally dolomitic, in the upper members microbreccious, with rich neritic fauna. Maximum thickness : 200m approximately.

Paleocene-Base of Upper Eocene

•   

PCk

Limestones

Platy crystalline limestones : light grey to dark grey with thin phyllitic intercalations. Usually they are thin platy to thin bedded with nodules or thin layers of cherts, becoming sometimes, especially to their upper horizons, thick be

Permian or Carboniferous

•   

Pt.k

Limestones

Bioclastic limestones : whitish, massive, "grain packstones", consisting mainly of Foraminifera and Algae.

Tyrrhenian

•   

Pts.k

Limestones

Bioclastic limestones : whitish, massive, including mainly Foraminifera, Mollusks and Bryzoans. Locally they overlie pre-neogene rocks with angular uncorfomity.

Upper Pleistocene (Tyrrhenian)

•   

Pz-Mzk

Limestones

Limestones : compact, crystalline, white to white-brown, at places blackish, blue-brown, thin-plated, sometimes dolomitic or at places dolomites of the autochthonous system of Crete island, of undetermined age, Paleozoic or Mesozoic.

Paleozoic - Mesozoic (?)

•   

T.k1

Limestones

Lentas limestones : black or grey very crystallized, with some silex.

Triassic

•   

T.k2

Limestones

Micritic limestones

Triassic

•   

Tk-t

Limestones

Limestones of the Tripolis zones

Upper Cretaceous

•   

tmmk

Limestones

Grey to white coral limestones.

Upper Miocene

•   

tpk

Limestones

Limestones (Platanias formations) : reefal and in some parts marl limestones.

Pliocene

•   

TR-Kk

Limestones

Limestones : compact, ehite-grey to bluish, microcrystalline to aphanitic usually with rudist fragments, sometimes breccias, at places dolomitized, strongly karstified. They may include lower members of jurassic to triassic age, not prov

Triassic (?) - Cretaceous

•   

Ts.k

Limestones

Reddish limestones with jaspers

Up.Triassic - Low.Jurassic

•   

Ts-Ji.k

Limestones

Recrystallized limestones to marbles : reddish, with jaspers, in thin banks with more or less red marl layers. Limestones, reddish or black with Halobies. Sandstones occur occasionally in thin banks, at the base of the formation.

Upper Triassic - Lower Jurassic

•   

Ts-k

Limestones

Reddish limestones with jaspers

Up. Triassic - Low. Jurassic

•   

Ttr-j

Limestones

Limestones

Triassic - Jurassic

•   

Tk-t

Limestones - Phyllites

Limestones and phyllites

Triassic

•   

Ts-ph

Limestones - Phyllites

Limestones and phyllites

Triassic

•   

E.k

Limestones and Dolomites

Black-grey limestones and dolomites

Paleocene - Priambonian

•   

J12.k,d

Limestones and Dolomites

Limestones and dolomites : light-grey to grey-black.

Upper Jurassic

•   

J-Ki.k,d

Limestones and Dolomites

Limestones and dolomites : light-grey to grey-black, medium-bedded to massive, karstic limestones. The dolomization decreases from base to top.

Jurassic - Lower Cretaceous

•   

Js-Ki.k,d

Limestones and Dolomites

Limestones and dolomites : dark-grey to grey, usually micritic, medium to thick-bedded. They pass upwards to cohesive breccias. Bedded dolomites of white colour occur locally in the limestones. Tectonic breccias of small thickness are fo

Upp. Jurassic - Low. Cretaceous

•   

Js-Ks.k

Limestones and Dolomites

Limestones and dolomites :dolomitized limestones of black-grey colour, medium-bedded, white to grey at their base, recrystallized and dolomitized, in places oolithic, in form of bands.

upper Jurassic - up. Cretaceous

•   

K.k,d

Limestones and Dolomites

Dolomites and dolomitic grey to black-grey limestones

Cretaceous

•   

k-D

Limestones and Dolomites

Dolomites and limestones

Triassic

•   

Kr.o-D

Limestones and Dolomites

Dark-gray to black, rarely gray, thickly bedded limestone. Sometimes they alternate with gray or dark gray dolomite

Upper Cretaceous

•   

Pc-E3-k,d

Limestones and Dolomites

Black-grey limestones and dolomites

Paleocene - Priambonian

•   

PC-k

Limestones and Dolomites

Dolomites and dolomitic limestones : of shallow sea. Their colour is white, white-grey, blue, locally dark coloured.

Middle Triassic - Lower Jurassic

•   

T.EMk,d

Limestones and Dolomites

Carbonate layers : limestones and dolomites.

Triassic (?) - Middle Eocene

•   

T6-Js.k,d

Limestones and Dolomites

Limestones and dolomites

upper Triassic - Upper Jurassic

•   

T-EMk,d

Limestones and Dolomites

Carbonate undivided layers : limestones and dolomites.

Triassic - Middle Eocene (?)

•   

Tk-D

Limestones and Dolomites

Limestones - Dolomites : dark-grey to black, sometimes white-grey, unbedded to thick bedded or well bedded. At some places they look like the platy crystalline ones, but without cherts. The dark coloured parts of the series are bituminou

Triassic

•   

Tm-s.d,k

Limestones and Dolomites

Dolomites, dolomitic limestones, limestones : grey to white thick-bedded to unbedded, they develop upgrades to dolomitic limestones locally brecciated.

Middle - Upper Triassic

•   

Ts.br

Limestones and Dolomites

Breccial limestones and dolomites

Upper Jurassic - Upper Eocene

•   

Ts-Ji.d

Limestones and Dolomites

Crystallized limestones and dolomites

Upper Triassic - Lias ?

•   

Ts-Ji.d,k

Limestones and Dolomites

Dolomites and dolomitic limestones : neritic recrystallized, undergone intense faulting tectonism. White to whitishwith cohesive breccias, they pass into black and grey limestones to dolomitic limestones.

Rhaetian - Lias

•   

Ts-Ji.d,kd

Limestones and Dolomites

Dolomites and dolomitic limestones : neritic recrystallized, undergone intense faulting tectonism. White to whitishwith cohesive breccias, they pass into black and grey limestones to dolomitic limestones.

Rhaetian - Lias

•   

Ts-Ji.mr,d

Limestones and Dolomites

Crystallized limestones to marbles, dolomites, dolomitic stones, rauhwackes and carbonate breccia-conglomerates : cellural dolomites with dolomitic powder, filling the cells, prevail in the lower members.

Upper Triassic - Lias

•   

Ts-JMk,d

Limestones and Dolomites

Dolomitized limestones - dolomites : intensely tectonized, locally broken into pieces, slightly folded, cavernous with goethite and bituminous.

Upper Triassic - Middle Jurassic

•   

Ts-Js.k,d

Limestones and Dolomites

Limestones, dolomitic limestones and dolomites : they constitute the base of the external zones tectonic nappe and lie usually on the phyllite-quartzite series. Lower members : semi-crystalline dolomites. Upper members : limestones and d

Upper Triassic

•   

Ts-k-D

Limestones and Dolomites

Massive limestones and dolomites, often of cellural texture, intercalating also phyllites.

Triassic

•   

Js-Es.k

Limestones with silex

Limestones with silex:dark-polychromatic, recrystallized, thin-medium-bedded and strongly folded limestones with silex

Upper Jurassic?-Upper Eocene

•   

Js-K6.k,d

Limestones-dolomites

Limestones-dolomites:The limestones are grey medium-thick bedded, massive karstic and locally brecciated.The dolomites are grey-black, thick-bedded, locally brecciated and karstic. They overlie transgressively the underlying dolomites

Lower?Malm-Cenomanian

•   

Ts.k,d

Limestones-Dolomites

Recrystallized limestones and dolomites : carbonate series of neritic sedimentation, strongly dolomitized in its lower members.

Upper Triassic

•   

Ts-Js.d,kd

Limestones-Dolomites

Dolomites, dolomitic limestones, limestones : grey to white thick-bedded to unbedded, they develop upgrades to dolomitic limestones locally brecciated.

Upper Triassic-Upper Jurassic

•   

Ts-ph

Limestones-Phyllites

Limestones and Phyllites

Middle Ladinian-Lower Carnian

•   

K9.k,st

Limestones-Sandstones

Transition beds : platy limestones alternating with sandstones and shales.They costitute the transition of uppercretaceous limestones to flysch.

Maastrichtian

•   

Ts.sch,k

Limestones-Schists-Quartzites

Variegated formation of schists, recrystallized limestones and quartzites. Locally intercalations occur of red-violet sericitic-calcitic plyllites.

Upper Triassic

•   

C-Tm.mr

Marbles

intercalations of marbles

Precarboniferous-Middle Triassic

•   

mr

Marbles

Marbles

Pre-middle miocene

•   

mr1

Marbles

Marbles

Pre-middle miocene

•   

mr2

Marbles

Marbles

Upper Triassic

•   

Mz.mr

Marbles

Coarse-crystalline marbles

Middle Jurassic - Eocene

•   

P-Ts.mr

Marbles

Vassilikos marbles : medium bedded and locally massive, grey to grey-white, medium-coarse-crystalline, shlightly dolomitized.

Permian - Upper Triassic

•   

T4-5.mr

Marbles

"Mana" formation : the middle members of the formation consisting of marbles compact, coarse-crystalline, white-grey. They occur related to gypsum.

Carnian-Norian

•   

M2

Marls

Marls, blue, greygreen whiteyellow, yellow, subwhite and marly limestones.

Tortonian

•   

M4.m

Marls

Marls

Upper Miocene - Messinian

•   

M4-5.m,k

Marls

Marly beds in the Clastic rock formation (Prina complex)

up. Serravallian - Low.Tortonian

•   

M6

Marls

White or yellowish marls of sandy texture.

Pliocene

•   

M6.m

Marls

Marls

Messinian

•   

Mim

Marls

Marls : yellow brown to white-yellow, often alternating with beds of marly sandstone and platy marly limestones, including fossils of sea molusks.

Miocene

•   

Mi-m

Marls

Marls : yellow brown to white-yellow, often alternating with beds of marly sandstone and platy marly limestones, including fossils of sea molusks.

Miocene

•   

Pl.m

Marls

Marls : mainly soft and less hard, yellow-whitish, with intercalations of clays and sands.

Pliocene

•   

Pli.m

Marls

Myrtos - Finikia formation : homogeneous and foliated fossiliferous marls

Lower Pliocene

•   

Pl-m

Marls

White marls (of Koufonissi)

Pliocene

•   

Pl-ms

Marls

White or yellowish marls of sandy texture.

Pliocene

•   

tmm

Marls

Marls : grey to grey-green marls.

Upper Miocene

•   

tpm

Marls

Marls (Platanias formations) : brownwhitish soft marls with beds of limestone.

Pliocene

•   

tmc

Marls - Limestones

Marls and platy limestones : brown to greenish marls with beds of platy marl limestones.

Upper Miocene

•   

Mi-m

Marls and Conglomerates

White or gray marl, sometimes containing lenticular conglomerate intercalations

Miocene

•   

M5

Marls and Sands

Makrylia formation : alternations of fossiliferous marls and graded turbidite sands poorly lithified.

Lower Tortonian

•   

M4-5.m,st

Marls and Sandstones

Kalamavka formation : alternations of marls and calcitic sandstones

up. Serravallian - Low.Tortonian

•   

M5

Marls and Sandstones

"Makrila formation" : alterations of fossiliferous marls and graded sandstones.

Lower Tortonian - Messinian

•   

Pl-Pt

Marls, clays, siltstones

Marls, clays, siltstones, sands and breccio-conglomerates: white, brownish, medium -or thin-bedded marls, grey foliated or massive clays and siltstones

Plio-Pleistocene

•   

M2-3

Marls-Marly limestones

Brackish-lacustrine formations and marls and marly limestones unseparated.

Sarmatian - Tortonian

•   

M5-6.m

Marls-Marly limestones

Calcitic marls or marly limestones occasionally in local unconformity with the underlying formation.

Upper Tortonian - Messinian

•   

Mm-s.m,k

Marls-Marly limestones

Marls, marly limestones : deposits of fresh, mainly, brakish waters lying unconformably on preneogene formations. The lower members consist of white-grey clastic, usually biogenic, mainly limestones, well-bedded on banks. Lignite horizon

Middle - Upper Miocene

•   

Pl-mk

Marls-Marly limestones

Marls - marly limestones : thin to medium-bedded, white-yellow, homogeneous with locally travertinoid structure.

Pliocene

•   

tmg

Marls-Marly limestones

Galatas formation : brown to greenish marls with beds of marl limestones.

Upper Miocene

•   

P-T?.ph

Metamorphic rocks

Rock unit of low metamorphism : overtrrust together with the tectonically overlying Tripolis series. In this unit are attributed the plyllites, quartzites and shales, intercalated within the "platy limestones".

Cretaceous

•   

P-Ts.ph

Metamorphic rocks

Rock unit of low metamorphism : overtrrust together with the tectonically overlying Tripolis series. In this unit are attributed the plyllites, quartzites and seritic schists, intercalated within the "platy limestones".

Permian - Triassic

•   

C-Tm.sh

Metamorphic series

Metamorphic, volcano-sedimentary series

Precarboniferous-Middle Triassic

•   

C-ph-D-k

Mixed

Dolomites, limestones, quartz sandstones and shales

Carboniferous

•   

J-k8

Mixed

Limestones, radiolarites and "first flysch"

Turonian - Senonian

•   

K8

Mixed

Marly limestones, sandstones and conglomerates.

Upper Senonian

•   

K8-9

Mixed

Pelites and red marly limestones containing angular block of diabases.

Upper Cretaceous

•   

Mm.m,l,s

Mixed

Neogenic formations consisting of a lower series of clays and marls of grey-green colour, a marly horizon and finally an upper series of marls of yellow-white colour, calcitic sandstones, biocalcarenites and biosparites with clastic quar

Middle Miocene

•   

P-Ts

Mixed

Phyllites, quartzose meta-sandstones and mica-carbonaceous schists prevail, crossed locally by coarse-crystalline quartz veins up to 10cm thick.

Permian - Upper Triassic

•   

T4.fl

Mixed

Clastic series : alternations of sandstones in thin banks with fragments of vegetal remnants and dark grey marls with filaments. Locally bands of light grey limestones occur with yellow coating, including Conodonts.

Carnian

•   

T4-5

Mixed

Ravdoucha formation : marly limestone with metamorphism, containing pellites, quartzites and breccila limestones and dolomites.

Upper Triassic

•   

T4-fl

Mixed

Clastic series : alternations of sandstones in thin banks with fragments of vegetal remnants and dark grey marls with filaments. Locally bands of light grey limestones occur with yellow coating, including Conodonts.

Carnian

•   

T-K7

Mixed

Reddish limestones with jaspers, radiolarites and "first flysch".

Up. Triassic - Low. Senonian

•   

T-K8

Mixed

Reddish limestones with jaspers, radiolarites and "first flysch".

Up. Triassic - Low. Senonian

•   

Ts.fl

Mixed

Clastic series : alternations of sandstones in thin banks with fragments of vegetal remnants and dark grey marls with filaments. Locally bands of light grey limestones occur with yellow coating, including Conodonts.

Upper Triassic

•   

ol

Olistoliths

Olistoliths : locally occur, mainly of limestones, radiolarites and basic eruptive rocks, metamorphic or not.

Paleocene - Eocene

•   

ol1

Olistoliths

Olistoliths : locally occur, mainly of limestones, radiolarites and basic eruptive rocks, metamorphic or not. In layers of flysch.

Paleocene - Eocene

•   

ol2

Olistoliths

Olistoliths : locally occur, mainly of limestones. In layers of flysch.

Upper Eocene - Oligocene

•   

Js-ki.fl2

Ophiolites

Ophiolitic complex

Upp. Jurassic - Low. Cretaceous

•   

o

Ophiolites

Ophiolites : of serpentinites, peridotites, diabases, diorites and amphibolites accompanied by red marly limestones of Mastrichtian age, in places.

Pre-middle Miocene

•   

ophro

Ophiolites

Ophiolitic rocks : ultrabasic and basic rocks, pseudoconglomerates, consisting of peridotites locally serpentinized, gabbros and diorites.

Lower Cretaceous ? - Cenomanian

•   

π,θ

Ophiolithic complex

Ophiolithic complex: peridotites, pyroxenites, usually serpentinized and slightly metamorphic diabasic rocks

 

•   

b

Orthorocks

Metabasalts and metatuffs

Upper Triassic

•   

ortho

Orthorocks

Orthorocks : Metabasalts and metagabbros.

Mid. Carboniferrous - Up. Triass

•   

ϋ

Orthorocks

Orthorocks : Metabasalts and metagabbros.

Mid. Carboniferrous - Up. Triass

•   

Th-J.k

Pantokratora limestones

Pantokratora limestones: grey-white, fine to coarse grained, recrystallized, thick-bedded, massive and karstic limestones

Rhaetian-Lias?

•   

Cm-Ts.ph

Pararocks

Pararocks : Schists (mica, mica-chlorite, chloritoid-muscovite, quartzitic with sericite and hematite, carbonaceous-micaceous, graphite-mica), phyllites (mainly carbonaceous-chloritoid) and quartzites.

Mid.Carboniferous-Up.Triassic

•   

π

Peridotites

peridotite

Igneous rocks

•   

Ώ

Peridotites

peridotite

Igneous rocks

•   

ph

Phyllites

Phyllites : graphitic, seritic, chrolitic, sometimes haematitic.

Triassic

•   

PT-ph

Phyllites

Dark-grey greenish or maroon, mainly sericite phyllite in various grade of epizone metamorphosis.

Permian - Triassic

•   

PT-ph + C

Phyllites

Dark-grey greenish or maroon, mainly sericite phyllite in various grade of epizone metamorphosis, containing intercalations of sandstone and conglomerate.

Permian - Triassic

•   

PT-ph + q

Phyllites

Dark-grey greenish or maroon, mainly sericite phyllite in various grade of epizone metamorphosis, containing quartzite conglomerate and dark coloured thin-bedded crystalline limestone

Permian - Triassic

•   

PT-ph-c

Phyllites

Dark-grey greenish or maroon, mainly sericite phyllite in various grade of epizone metamorphosis, containing intercalations of sandstone and conglomerate.

Permian - Triassic

•   

Cs-Ti.ph

Phyllites-Marbles-Quartzites

"Sfinari" formation : a sequence of alternating green phyllites, thin-platy marbles and detached thin quartzite banks

Upper Carboniferous - Upper Skyt

•   

Ts-Jm..k

Platy limestones

Platy limestones: polychromatic, fine-,medium-, to coarse-graines,sublithographic, marly and locally brecciated with silex

Upper Triassic?-Dogger

•   

Ts-JMk

Platy limestones

Platy limestones: polychromatic, fine-,medium-, to coarse-graines,sublithographic, marly and locally brecciated with silex

Upper Triassic?-Dogger

•   

πρ

Porphyrites

Porphyrite

Up. Jurassic - Low. Cretaceous

•   

q

Quartzites

quartzites

Triassic

•   

T3-4.qt

Quartzites

"Agios Dikeos" quartzites

Middle Ladinian-Lower Carnian

•   

T4-5.qt

Quartzites

"Koutrouli" quartzites

Carnian-Norian

•   

Mg

Quartzites - Phyllites

Layers of quartzite alternating with phyllites and graphitic phyllites.

Mesozoic (????)

•   

Mq

Quartzites - Phyllites

Layers of quartzite alternating with phyllites.

Mesozoic (????)

•   

J.ks

Radiolarites

Radiolarites and "first flysch"

Jurassic - Lower Senonian

•   

Rw

Rauhwackes

Rauhwackes of different sizes and irregular shapes with thin to thick bedded or even unbedded, mostly crystalline, limestones and sometimes interbedded phyllites.

Triassic

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Rw

Rauhwackes

Rauhwackes of different sizes and irregular shapes with thin to thick bedded or even unbedded, mostly crystalline, limestones and sometimes interbedded phyllites.

Triassic

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M5.r

Reef fragments

Reef fragments

Tortonian

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s

Sands

Coastal sands

Holocene

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Mi-ms

Sandstones

Yellowish marly sandstone

Miocene

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Mi-st

Sandstones

Sandstone, loose of weak cohesion in some places

Miocene

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Es-Oi.sch

Schists

Metaflysch (Croussona beds) : carbonate schists, green, grey-green to dark-red, which have undergone very low degree metamorphism. Micro-medium crystalline texture and compact parallelly oriented. Main mineralogical constituents : malcit

Upper Eocene - Lower Oligocene

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fi

Schists

Kroussonas formation : green and red schists with some layers of marble.Kroussonas formation : green and red schists with some layers of marble.

Upper Eocene - Lower Oligocene

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Ji-m.sch

Schists

Schists siliceous-carbonate-argillaceous :small occurances, thin-medium-bedded, of yellowish to light brown colour, locally with characteristic porous surface. Undergone a slight local metamorphism. The siliceous material is mainly chalc

Lias ? - Dogger ?

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Js-ki.fl1

Schists

Vatos schists : Grey marls and beds of sandstone limestones, sometimes with conglomerates and quartzites.

Upp. Jurassic - Low.Cretaceous

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Ki-s.sch

Schists

Schists : similar to the mesozoic schists of the pelagonian nappe differing only in glaucophane which is absent here. They are of various colour, they have undergone low degree metamorphism and are traversed by quartz veins.

Lower Cretaceous ? - Cenomanian

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Mz.sch

Schists

Carbonate-quartoze schists

Middle Jurassic - Eocene

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PCsh

Schists

Crystalline schists : shining mica schists, or graphitic chloritic phyllites.

Mesozoic

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Pz-Mzsh

Schists

Crystalline schists : of the autochthonous system of Crete island (phyllites, muscovitic, graphitic, seritic, quartzitic, chloritic and lustrus schists), at places include platy black limestones.

Paleozoic - Mesozoic (?)

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Pz-Mzsh

Schists

Crystalline schists : of the autochthonous system of Crete island (phyllites, muscovitic, graphitic, seritic, quartzitic, chloritic and lustrus schists), at places include platy black limestones.

Paleozoic - Mesozoic (?)

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sch

Schists

Schists : argillaceous, micaceous, hydromicaceous, cliritic, quartose with phyllite intercalations.

Mesozoic

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T3-4.sch

schists

"Stavros-Selli" schists: variegated formation consisting of lowsonitic schists, quartzites and platy marbles. Gypsum intercalations occur in dolomites and rahwackes of considerable thickness.

Middle Ladinian-Lower Carnian

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Mt

Schists and Limestones

Clay schists and limestone terraces : darkcoloured clayey schists with black platy limestones and beds of quartzites

Miocene (????)

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Cs-Ti.sch

Schists-Quartzites-Marbles

"Mixed formation" : variegated formation consisting of chloritoid schists, quartzites and platy marbles

Upper Carboniferous - Upper Skyt

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H.sc,cs

Scree and talus cones

Scree and talus cones

Holocene

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Tm-s.sc

Shales

Shales : schists of very low metamorphic grade and yellowish, red-violet or greenish colour. They display lepidoblastic texture and parallel structure.

Ladinian - Carnian

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Tm-s.sch

Shales

Shales : schists of very low metamorphic grade and yellowish, red-violet or greenish colour. They display lepidoblastic texture and parallel structure.

Ladinian - Carnian

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Tm-s.sh

Shales

Shales (Ravdoucha) : yellowish to red-violet, of low degree metamorphism with lepidoblastic texture and parallel and schistoid structure. Main mineralogical constituents : sericite, chlorite, quartz and feldspars.

M.-U.Triassic (Ladinian-Carnian)

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H.el

Terra rossa, elluvial mantle

Terra rossa and elluvial mantle

Holocene

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vol

Volcanic

Volcanic Rocks : occuring locally in limited extend and small thickness, in tectonic contact with the lower members of the polychromatic cherts.They are pumiceous pillow lavas,of balsatic to andesitic composition,intensely altered and im

Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous